Delhi's current vehicle population is more than 3.4 million . Whcich stood at 1.9 million in 1991 registring a growth rate of 7% per annum. About two-Third of the Motor Vehicles are two Wheelers.
It is estimated that vehicular pollution accounts for about two-third of the air pollution in Delhi. Due to increase in growth of vehicle the vehicular pollution load increased from 1990-91 to 1995-96. However, a decrease has been witnessed in recent years with the implemntation of several control measures (Table-1)
ESTIMATED VEHICULAR EMISSION LOAD IN DELHI
The pollution standards for in use vehicles have been prescribed under Rule 115(2) of Central Motor vehicles Rules, 1989. They are:
a) Idling Carbon Monoxide Emission limit for all four wheeled petrol deriven vehicles should not exceed 3%.
b) Idling Carbon Monoxide emission limit for all two and three wheeled petrol driven vehicles should not exceed 4.5%.
Smoke density for all diesel driven vehicles should not exceed 65 hatridge Smoke Units..
The vehicular pollutants have demaging effects on both human health and ecology. the human health effects fo air pollution vary in the degree of severity, covering a range of minor effects to serious illness. as well as premature death in certain cases. These pollutantss are believed to directly affect the respiratory and cardiovascular systems. In particular, high levels of Sulphur doixide and Suspended Particulate Matter are associated with increased mortality, mobidity and impaired pulmonary function.
It is mandatory for every vehicle owner to carry a valid Pollution Under Control Certificate and maintain the vehicle with in prescribed emission norms.
Q. What is the penalty for not having the pollution vertificate?
Ans. A vehicle, found to be not in possession of a valid PUC Certificate can be prosecuted under Section 190(2) of the Motor Vehicle Act,1998. A penalty of Rs.1000/- for first offence and Rs.2000/- for every subsequent offence of violation has been provided. The offence is compoundable with a fine of Rs.900/- for first offence and Rs.1800/- for subsequent offence.
Q. Where should I get my pollution level checked and adjusted?
Ans. Facilities for checking of pollution levels and issue of PUC Certificates (to vehicles meeting emission standards) are available at many petrol pumps/workshops. These authorised Pollution Cheching Centres are spread all over Delhi. The no. of Pollution Checking Centre for petrol driven vehicles are 337 and for Diesel driven vehicles are 92. Theses centres issue Pollution Under Control Certificates (PUC) if the vehicle is found meeting prescribed emission norms. In case the vehicle is found polluting beyond prescribed norms, necessary repairs/tuning in the vehicle would be required.
Q. What are the fees for pollution checking?
Ans. The following fees for pllution checking and minor rectifications have been fixed by the Government:-
Q. What happens if my vehicle is found polluting beyond the prescribed norms although I am carrying a valid PUC certificate?
Ans. The PUC Certificate of your vehicle shall be cancelled and you will be directed (under Rule 116 of CMV Rules) to produce a fresh PUC Certificate within seven days, failing whcich you shall be prosecuted under section 190(2) of the Motor Vehicles Act.
Q. What happens if my vehicle is not polluting but my PUC Certificate has expired or I do not have a PUC Certificate?
Ans. The offence of not having a PUC Certificate also attracts challan under section 190 of the Motor Vehicles Act.
Q.What should I do if I see any vehicle polluting?
Ans. You should report to Complaint Cell/Control Room at Tel No.-3930763.
A well maintained vehicle pollute less and is more fuel efficient. While servicing the vehicles ask a trained mechanic to pay attention to the following for better maintenance and lower pollution levels form your petrol driven vehicles:-
Always go to a trained mechanic for servicing your vehicles
DOs and DONOTs
Pollution Checking by Transport Department:
Mobile enforcement teams are being deployed on regular basis at road locations for prosecution of polluting vehicles and vehicles not having PUC Certificates.
Public awareness campaigns are conducted to raise social consciousness on the issue and educate motorists about the health hazards, statutory provisions and control measures viz. engine tuning and maintenance.
Since April,1995, only those 4-wheeled petrol driven vehicles are registered on first sale in Delhi which are fitted with Catalytic Convertors reduce exhaust pollution levels significantly.
Mass Rapid Transport System:
Mass Rapid Transport System has been approved with the objective to place a non-polluting, efficient and affordable rail based mass rapid transit system for NCT of Delhi, duly integrated with other modes of transport.
Phasing out of Old Commercial Vehicles:
With a view to reduce vehicular pollution in Delhi Hon'ble Supreme Court vide its orders in CWP No. 13029 of 1985 has banned the plying of following categories of vehicles in Delhi:-
Transport Department is ensuring the effective compliance of these directions through its enforcement teams. Govt. of Delhi is also providing fiscal incentives Sales Tax Exemption and Interest subsidy on loans for purchase of new replacement vehicles.
Tightening of mass emission standards for new vehicles:
Mass emission norms for new vehicles were introduced in the year 1991. These norms were progressively made stringent in the year 1996 and again in 2000. Since 1.4.2000, non-commercial vehicles (Cars) complying with Bharat Stage II/Euro-II emission norms are being registered in the Delhi.
Improvement in Fuel Quality:
The quality of the fuel being supplied in Delhi has been improved in last 3-4 years by way of :-
Hon'ble Supreme Court has issued several directions for control of vehicular pollution in Delhi in the Writ Petition (Civil) No.13029/1985 in the matter of M.C. Mehta Vs. Union of India. These directions and the time frame for their completion are given below:
CNG (short for Compressed Natural Gas) is emerging as an attractive alternative fuel due to its clean burning characteristic and very low amount of exhaust pollution. It is a mizture of hudrocarbons consisting of approximatel 80 to 90 percent methane in gaseous form. It is compressed to a pressure of 200 to 250 Kg/Cm to enhance the vehicle on-board storage in a cylinder. 81 CNG filling stations have been set up in Delhi by M/s. Indraprastha Gas Limited as in September, 2001. These are proposed to be increased to around 94 by March 2002.
Salient Featurs of CNG Run vehicles:
Almost any petrol vehicle can be converted to operate on CNG. The conversion can be done in a day.
For more details about CNG run vehicles please contact :
Parliament Street, New Delhi.