Traffic Rules & Regulations
Rules of the road
SHARING THE ROAD
DRIVING AT NIGHT
HOW TO STOP QUICKLY
RIGHT OF WAY
ROUNDABOUTS AND HOW TO APPROACH THEM
KEEP LEFT on a two-way
road to allow traffic from the opposite direction to pass on your right
and on a one-way road to allow vehicles behind you to overtake from your
DIRECTION INDICATORS Better use directions indicstors instead of hands singlals and both in case of any emergancy.
WEARING A HELMET FOR TWO WHEELER
DRIVERS is a statutory requirement. The helmet must conform to
the ISI standards and should bear the ISI mark. Helmet works as a shield
for your head in case of a mishap. It is designed for your individual
safety and not as a cover to avoid legal prosecution. For complete safety
tie the strap properly otherwise the helmet may slip from your head in
case of an accident head injury. (Turban wearing Sikhs are exempted from
using a helmet).
MAINTAIN AN ADEQUATE DISTANCE from the
vehicle ahead of you to avoid collision if that vehicle suddenly slows down or stops. A
chart to guide you on minimum braking time required at different speeds is given on page
33 for your information.
ON MOUNTAINS AND STEEP ROADS the vehicle
driving uphill must be given the right of way by vehicles coming downhill. If the road is
not sufficiently wide, pull your vehicle to a stop on the side of the road and allow the
driver going uphill to proceed first.
WHEN ROAD REPAIR WORK is going on, slow
down and drive at a speed not exceeding twenty five kilometers per hour.
DRIVERS OF TRACTORS AND GOODS VEHICLES are
prohibited from carrying passengers for hire or reward. In a tractor, the driver should
not carry any other person and in a goods vehicle, he should not exceed the number of
persons permitted in the driver's cabin.
DO NOT CARRY GOODS on a motor vehicle in
a manner that may cause danger to any person, or load it thus that the goods extend
laterally beyond the side, front or to the rear of the vehicle. Carrying of explosives,
inflammable or dangerous substances by any public service vehicle is also prohibited.
CARRY ONLY ONE PILLION RIDER on your two
wheeler. You must carry the rider only on the back seat. Do not allow any rider to sit or
stand in front of you (not even children). It is not only illegal but often becomes
dangerous because sudden braking may throw out the child or person hitting the vehicle in
front. It is a violation of law to carry goods on your two wheeler as the rider may lose
balance easily leading to accidents.
DO NOT DRIVE BACKWARDS longer than
necessary, and do ensure that you do not cause danger or inconvenience to any other person
or vehicle while doing so.
DO NOT DRIVE on the road if you are
unwell or after taking medication that is likely to impair your driving abilities
including tonics that may have an alcohol content in them.
Drivers often forget that roads are not just for them
alone. This can make things difficult on the road for pedestrians, cyclists, scooterists
and motor cyclists who do not have solid protections around them. They are entitled to
your care and consideration. Always keep a close watch on other road users. Children, for
example, may do unexpected things. Elderly pedestrians may move more slowly than you
expect or may not see or hear you until you are too close.
ALWAYS GIVE WAY TO PEDESTRIANS if there is danger to their safety. Take extra care if they are children or elderly people. There are some obvious places and times where you should take extra care like shopping centres, busy intersections, schools, parks and residential areas where children and others have a greater need of crossing the road. Also, in wet weather, people may hurry and take risks. At night remember that pedestrians may not always be aware how hard it can be for you to see them. Be careful when approaching parked cars or buses. It is difficult to see or anticipate people crossing from behind them. Slow down at pedestrian crossings or intersections, specially if you are turning.
You must give way to pedestrians on a pedestrian crossing. This means you must approach the crossing at a speed which will let you stop in time. Not all pedestrians look before they step onto a crossing. So watch out for anyone approaching and be ready to stop.
You must stop if a pedestrian is on a school crossing.
This applies even if there is no crossing supervisor present. Stop at the stop line
until all pedestrians are off the crossing.
NEVER INDULGE IN ZIG-ZAG DRIVING,
specially on two wheelers. It is not only dangerous for you but is a danger
for others also. Motorcycles have a high accelerating power. Don't misuse
it. Don't overtake when it is not necessary. Remember, at higher speed
the slightest collision can prove to be fatal.
DO NOT OVERTAKE another vehicle that has stopped at a pedestrian
school crossing. That driver may have stopped, or may be stopping, for a pedestrian you
YOU MUST GIVE WAY to pedestrians when
you are entering or leaving private property such as a driveway. If you cannot see whether
anyone is coming, sound your horn and then drive out very slowly.
CYCLISTS AND MOTORCYCLISTS have the same rights and responsibilities as drivers of larger vehicles. When overtaking cyclists, leave at least one metre clearance. Don't try to share the lane with them. Cycle riders are entitled to ride two abreast. Also, when you are about to alight from your car, check for bicycle riders or scooterists to avoid opening your door in their path. Children on cycles can also be unpredictable. Take extra care of them.
Bicycles scooters and motorcycles are smaller than cars and therefore
harder to see. A common cause of accidents is the failure of a right-turning
driver to notice an oncoming motorcycle as motorcycle accelerate much
faster than cars. What appears to be a safe gap in traffic may not be
if there is an oncoming motorcycle or a scooter.
Bicycles can travel surprisingly fast. 30 km/h is not
unusual. Drivers can easily underestimate their speed. Be careful not to cut them off when
turning in front of them.
WHEN OVERTAKING do so
from right of the vehicles you are passing. If the driver of the vehicle
in front of you indicates that he is turning right, you may pass from
his left. Remember not to cut in onto heavy vehicles. They need more room
to slow down and stop.
There are fewer cars on the road at night. This does not increase your safety in any manner. This is because speeds are higher, people and bicycles are difficult to see and other motorists or pedestrians may have been drinking. Drive slowly and you will be able to react better. At higher speeds, the stopping distance exceeds the seeing distance thereby causing accidents.
The high beam is useful for extra seeing distance. However, you must dip your headlights to low beam when an approaching vehicle is within 200m, or die other vehicle's headlights dip, whichever is sooner. Also dip your headlights when driving 200m or less behind another vehicle.
Remember not to use high beam in foggy conditions as your
light reflects back, reducing visibility. Also remember to use your dipper at night.
The best way to stop quickly is to drive slowly. Sometimes, unexpected things happen quickly. A driver can pull out of a side street without warning. A pedestrian can suddenly step out from behind a parked car. A truck can drop some of its load. A scooterist or motorcyclist could hit a pot-hole and fall off. If you are travelling too fast, it may be difficult to avoid an accident.
In the diagram below one of the cars is driving at a speed higher by only 10 km/h. A truck suddenly pulls up in front. If both drivers brake hard at the same time, one car will avoid a collision while the other will strike the truck at 30 km/h. (These calculations are based on ideal road conditions, good drivers and well-maintained cars. This may not be the case always.)
At some crossroads there are no traffic lights or signs. When you come to one of these intersections you must give way to vehicles travelling in the intersection on your right as marked below:
You must also give way to the right at intersections where the lights have failed. If yours and an oncoming vehicle are turning right at an intersection both cars should pass in front of each other.
If the other drivers do not give way to you, do not commit the same mistake they are doing.
Give way to fire engines and ambulances by driving your vehicles to the side of the road.
Give way to pedestrians at crossings that are not regulated.
Give way to traffic already in the lane you are moving into.
At T-intersections the vehicle travelling on the road that ends must give way to any vehicle travelling on the road that continues (unless otherwise sign-posted). The give way to the right rule does not apply to T-intersections.
An intersection with a central traffic island is called a roundabout. Give way to vehicles already on the road. If you are turning, as you approach or exit the roundabout, you must use your indicator to show where you are going. Always slow down and prepare to give way at a roundabout. Please follow lane markings on the road leading to the roundabout.
If there are no lane demarcations, do not overtake from the left. Enter the roundabout when there is a safe gap in the traffic.
When turning left, stay on the left. When going straight, from whichever lane you enter, drive in the same position through the roundabout. When turning right, drive close to the centre of the roundabout. Take care while changing position on the roundabout, particularly when exiting.
WHEN TAKING A U-TURN signal by hand the way you would for
a right turn, observing the traffic behind you in your rear view mirror at the same time.
Do not take a U-turn where it is specifically prohibited.
U-turns can be dangerous. Be extra
careful while taking one. Make sure it is safe and let other motorists know by signalling
at least 30 metres before you turn.