Seven Cities Of Delhi


 Prithviraj Chauhan  was  defeated  and  killed  in  battle by Mohammed 
Ghori in 1192,   who  left  his  slave  Qutubuddin Aibak as his viceroy in 
India. In 1193, Qutubuddin Aibak  captured  Delhi, which was still in the 
hands  of  the  Chauhans.  After the death of Mohammed Ghori in 1206, 
Qutubuddin  enthroned  himself  as  the  first sultan of Delhi - Delhi thus 
became the capital of Mamluk or the Slave dynasty, the first dynasty of 
Muslim sultans  to  rule   over northern  India.  From  the date of its new 
captors, Delhi felt  the  impact of their culture and faith and continued to 
do  so  for  the next six  and  a  half  centuries.   Much  of  this  was  in 
architecture, as Qutubuddin set about to create Mehrauli, by destroying 
Hindu  temples  and  building  Islamic  structures  in their place. One of 
these  was  the  tower  of  victory  -  the 72.5 m tall Qutab Minar, finally 
completed in 1220 AD,  which  still  stands.  Around  Qutab  Minar  are 
several ruins from the 11th and 12th c,including the mausoleum of Saint 
Qutubuddin Bakhtiyar Kaki,  Shamsi  Talab, a  mosque  and  tombs  of 
rulers. Qutubuddin's  heirs  reigned  until  1290; Razia Sultan, his grand 
daughter who ruled for a mere three years is a historic figure as the first 
woman empress of India.

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